1. The Lightning Network’s trustless anonymity 0:00
Assignment of claims, a series of IOUs / forward-looking promises. You don’t have to trust any of the partcipants in between, and if it’s implemented properly you have no idea who the other participants are. Onion routing like Tor, i.e. one-hop information, with encrypted connections, with no idea if a person started the transaction or is relaying it from someone else, or if the person you’re sending it to is the end or another relay. Increases for privacy and anonymity.

2. Smart contracts using multisignatures, opcodes, hashed timelock contracts (HTLC) 1:58

3. Incentives for intermediaries 2:34
Participating in the network, collecting very small fees. Routing to give the lowest fee or lowest latency. Transaction fees will be on a different scale: close to the marginal cost of delivering that service. Anyone charging high fees will be pushed out of the market.

4. If you use a less costly route with more hops, won’t that introduce more settlement costs on the blockchain? 4:24
No. By adding more hops, you’re cancelling out bilateral obligations for parties involved in the hops. It will reduce settlements on the blockchain.

5. Effect on on-chain transaction fees for miners & decentralisation 5:03
Anchor and settlement transactions. This doesn’t change that Bitcoin Core layer will need to be scaled – we’ll do scaling on both.

6. Will the Lightning Network be compatible with BU? 6:36
That is up to them to decide. SegWit. You can also run the Lightning Network on top of Ethereum, or any cryptocurrency that enables the checking of hashes, multisgnature contracts, and time-based controls.

This is part of a keynote talk which took place on October 19th 2016 during the Bitcoin Wednesday Meetup at the Eye Film Museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands: https://www.meetup.com/BitcoinWednesday/events/234498117/

Event Info: http://www.bitcoinwednesday.com/event/special-edition-19-october-2016/

Presentation Info: http://www.bitcoinwednesday.com/antonopoulos-bitcoin-incubator-black-swans/

Lightning, full nodes, and miners – https://youtu.be/dlJG4OHdJzs
Does the Lightning Network have proof-of-stake elements? – https://youtu.be/GOYP4O4yetQ
Bitcoin, Lightning, and Streaming Money – https://youtu.be/gF_ZQ_eijPs
The Lightning Network & Rootstock – https://youtu.be/jUhe7J6-aG0

Andreas M. Antonopoulos is a technologist and serial entrepreneur who has become one of the most well-known and well-respected figures in bitcoin.

Follow on Twitter: @aantonop https://twitter.com/aantonop
Website: https://antonopoulos.com/

He is the author of two books: “Mastering Bitcoin,” published by O’Reilly Media and considered the best technical guide to bitcoin; “The Internet of Money,” a book about why bitcoin matters.

THE INTERNET OF MONEY, v1: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Internet-Money-collection-Andreas-Antonopoulos/dp/1537000454/ref=asap_bc?ie=UTF8

MASTERING BITCOIN: https://www.amazon.co.uk/Mastering-Bitcoin-Unlocking-Digital-Cryptocurrencies/dp/1449374042

Subscribe to the channel to learn more about Bitcoin & open blockchains!

Videography: Bitcoin Wednesday
Music: “Unbounded” by Orfan (https://www.facebook.com/Orfan/)
Outro Graphics: Phneep (http://www.phneep.com/)
Outro Art: Rock Barcellos (http://www.rockincomics.com.br/)